Laundering Cloth Diapers
Welcome to the First Annual Freedom of Cloth Carnival
This post was written for inclusion in the Freedom of Cloth Carnival hosted at Natural Parents Network by Melissa of The New Mommy Files and Shannon of The Artful Mama. This year’s carnival will run from Sunday, July 3rd through Saturday, July 9th. Participants are sharing everything they know and love about cloth diapering, including how cloth has inspired them.
Cloth diapering (or the prospect of it) can easily be an overwhelming experience initially. There are so many diaper styles, accessories, concerns, and an entire internet filled with information. For most would-be cloth diaperers, the most daunting piece of the cloth diaper puzzle is laundering soiled diapers. It seems as though the immediate reaction to washing cloth diapers is “gross.” In reality, washing soiled diapers is no worse than washing stinky socks. Yes, there is a little more work involved but the point is, it is not as bad as everyone envisions.
I am providing you with a breakdown of my laundering system. It has worked consistently well since day one. Your own wash routine will vary depending on the type of machine you have, your location/water consistency, type/brand/fabric of your diapers, etc. (I use Bum Genius 3.0 and cotton/cotton-flannel wipes.) Through trial and error (and yes there will be an error or two), you will create a routine that works, and you will laugh at how scared you were of laundering soiled diapers! Please see the bottom of this post for more laundering resources.
Washing Machine Preparation
Before you do the initial wash of your cloth diapers, you will want to strip old residue out of your washing machine. Simply run an empty load on cold with one cup of white vinegar. Run a second empty load on hot with another cup of white vinegar. You can use the shortest cycle on the machine. After that, your machine is ready to go! (Note – there are commercial products available to strip residue out of machines. Select whatever product you are most comfortable with.)
Initial Cloth Diaper Washing
Here is what I suggest you do before your baby uses the diapers:
1. Wash ALL of the diapers in COLD water on the shortest cycle. Use ½ of the detergent called for on the detergent label.
2. Line dry for 3 hours.
3. Repeat the process for a total of 4 times. Washings 2-4 need only a teaspoon of detergent. Seriously. Hardly use anything.
4. After the last wash/line dry cycle, make sure you throw the diapers in the dryer on low for about 20 minutes to sof ten them back up again. Line drying makes them a tad crunchy sometimes.
Since 4 wash/line dry cycles will take about 12 hours, you can break it up over a few days.
Standard Washing Instructions:
While your baby is exclusively breastfed or formula fed, there is no need to rinse the diapers. Just throw them in your pail or wetbag until wash day. Once your baby has more substance to their poop from eating solids, you will want to dump the poop in the toilet but no need to rinse the diapers unless there is a lot of guck stuck on or your baby had diarrhea. I do have a diaper sprayer hooked up and I like it. I was not a fan of the “toilet dunk” method.
As long as your cloth diaper stash is sufficient, you can wash every other day. You can sometimes get away with every three days but a little bit of an odor can start to build up on the diapers. Every other day seems to keep this down.
Step 1: Pre rinse cycle! This is critical to keeping stains and smell to a minimum. Run the diapers through the RINSE cycle on your washer. This should be a quick, cold water cycle. The cold water is what does the trick. No detergent yet.
Step 2: Set your washer for a HOT/COLD cycle or a WARM/COLD cycle. Either is fine but HOT/COLD is best. You will want to run it for a “heavy” load. If your diapers happen to have been really soiled (lots of poop) then you will want to set it for a pre-soak. Otherwise, no need. If you have the setting for EXTRA RINSE, set that as well. Add a little less detergent than called for on the label and off you go. Diapers are headed for clean!
Step 3: If you do not have an Extra Rinse cycle you will need to run the RINSE cycle again after the diapers are done washing. This gets any leftover detergent out. Detergent left on the diapers can lead to diaper rash.
Step 4: Line dry as often as possible. The best time to line dry is between 8am-11am and then again from 2pm-5pm. You need direct sunlight but not during the heat of the day. Three hours in the sun is plenty of time to dry, become sanitized, and to have the stains lifted out magically by the sun! You may want to pop the diapers in the dryer after line drying to remove the crunchy or to complete drying if they are still a little damp. 20 minutes on low should be enough time. If you cannot line dry, then throw the diapers in the dryer on medium-low for 45 minutes. Follow up with an additional 15 minutes on high to sanitize them. Some stains might remain this way but will disappear when they get into the sun again.
If your diapers start to stink, you may need to strip them. I have only had to do this about twice a year. Usually it happens when I cannot line dry as often. Stripping is easy. Just do your normal wash routine but use 1 TEASPOON of the BLUE DAWN liquid dish soap. You will probably need to run the RINSE CYCLE two or three times after you wash them to get all the soap out. The Dawn strips out all of the odor somehow. It’s magic. I have never found anything else that is effective.
Steer clear of bleach, stain removers, and fabric softener. All of these will make the diapers less absorbent. A little white vinegar every now and again is ok. But only use it if you really need to.
Now what about detergent? Well, I was a die hard fan of Charlie’s Soap but after 20 months it just stopped working. Shortly thereafter, I read an article on the company that gave me cause of concern. So I switched to Planet Detergent which worked beautifully. However, it is pretty pricey and I like to use one detergent for all of our laundry. Several months ago I got to know The Peaceful Housewife’s products and gave her laundry detergent a try. I wrote a review about her products here but let me just share how awesome her detergent is for cloth diapers (and other laundry too). I have found my most favorite detergent on the planet! I know a lot of moms who swear by soap nuts/eco nuts but be forewarned…if you have a latex sensitivity or allergy these will not be a good choice for you.
Additional note – I also throw all of my cloth wipes and my daughter’s “training underwear” in with the diaper laundry. Everybody plays nice together.
Hopefully my laundry tips and tricks help you in your cloth diaper journey! Laundering can certainly be the most challenging part of cloth diapering! Just remember – line drying really is the key to laundering. The more you can do that, the less odor and staining you will encounter.
Best wishes on your cloth journey!
- The Diaper Jungle provides a great page of laundering information in which they discuss the wet pail verses dry pail method; laundering in a Laundromat setting; detergent choices; and laundering mistakes to name a few.
- Green Mountain Diapers has a concise discussion on laundering using a method similar to my own. They also discuss washing machine differences to help you better understand washing in a front loader versus top loader.
- Cotton Babies has a really great Q&A style page on common cloth diaper concerns as it relates to stains, odors, stripping, and general washing information amongst other topics.
- Zany Zebra talks about everything from basic washing techniques, to variations, to new diapers, to tips and tricks.
- Jillian’s Drawers has great information on the use of baking soda and vinegar as well as diaper odors and lengthening the life of your cloth diapers through various laundering techniques.
- Michelle over at The Cloth Diaper Whisperer has a great post about her wash routine including why she separates her covers and inserts as well as why she loves her detergent choices.
- Samantha writes a guest post for the I Love Cloth Diapers blog in which she discusses why a simple wash routine is the most effective and easiest.
- Jenny has a guest post up at Job Description Mommy which delves into the ins and outs of cloth diaper care. She has some excellent tips on what not to do when laundering your cloth diapers.
Photo credits (top to bottom):
Amie, friend of the author (used with permission);
simplyla on Flickr
Natural Parents Network for the most up-to-date news on the Freedom of Cloth Carnival!
Please take time to read the submissions by the other carnival participants on the following themes. Articles will go live on the scheduled theme day:
- Sunday, July 3rd, 2011: Cloth Related Recipes — Writers share their best cloth-related recipes and tutorials.
- Monday, July 4th, 2011: Choosing Your Cloth Style — Today’s posts discuss parents’ individual journeys to finding the cloth diapering “style” that best suits their families.
- Tuesday, July 5th, 2011: Cloth Diapering Must Haves — Parents talk about the most important items in their diapering “stash” and why they love them.
- Wednesday, July 6th, 2011: Wordless Wednesday, Inspired by Cloth — We asked parents to share their favorite cloth-related photo with us and turned them into a fluffy Wordless Wednesday photo montage on Natural Parents Network. Link up your own Wordless Wednesday post there!
- Thursday, July 7th, 2011: Cloth Through the Stages: From Infancy to Potty Independence — Today’s participants explain how cloth diapering has served their families throughout one or more stages of their children’s lives.
- Friday, July 8th, 2011: Cloth Troubleshooting and Laundry Day — Seasoned cloth diapering parents share their best tips and tricks for handling common cloth problems and tackling the diaper laundry.
- Saturday, July 9th, 2011: Inspired by Cloth — For today’s theme, we’ve asked writers to explore the ways cloth diapering has inspired them to become “greener” overall.
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